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Of German descent and educated at an English private school, Adolfo Schwelm Cruz began competing with a Jaguar XK120 in national touring cars in 1949. He had switched to a pre-war Alfa Romeo 8C "Monza" when he was crowned Argentinian sports car champion two years later.
He also raced in Europe at the time and his Maserati A6G was sixth at Rome in 1951. Regularly among the quickest locals when international events were held in Argentina, Schwelm hired a works Cooper T20-Bristol for the 1953 Argentine Grand Prix. He qualified on the penultimate row but retired when a wheel sheered.
Also a retiree from the subsequent Formule Libre Buenos Aires GP – that was the end of his international ambitions. Fluent in four languages, he later worked in Italy. Schwelm had returned to Buenos Aires by the time he died in 2012.