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The growth of Formula 1 in the United States resulted in three American Grands Prix being scheduled for the 1982 season, with Detroit joining existing races at Long Beach and Las Vegas. But the temporary street circuit around the city’s Renaissance Center was an unloved and bumpy succession of 90-degree corners. Ayrton Senna was the acknowledged master of the race before spiralling costs forced organisers to switch to Champ Cars in 1989. The new circuit on Belle Isle replaced the street circuit three years later.