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Formula 3 was first introduced in Britain after World War II – using low-cost 500cc motorcycle engines mounted in a small, nimble chassis. Although national championships were organised throughout Europe from the 1950s, it was not until 1975 that the FIA introduced a European F3 Championship. By that time the category stipulated 2000cc normally aspirated engines based on road car units.
The championship was replaced a decade later by a one-off, end-of-season race between the top contenders from the national series. The European F3 Cup was held between 1985 and 1990 before it also disappeared from the calendar.
A new European Champion was crowned once more in 2003 when the German and French series merged to form the F3 Euroseries. That was initially a success with the likes of Lewis Hamilton, Paul di Resta (having beaten team-mate Sebastian Vettel), Romain Grosjean and Nico Hulkenberg among its champions.
The FIA sanctioned a new European F3 Championship in 2011 that ran alongside the Euroseries for two seasons before the latter was organised for the last time in 2012. The European F3 Championship was then disbanded at the end of 2018 as the FIA rationalised its single-seater pyramid with GP3 taking on the F3 moniker from 2019.